What is it?
‘Overpronation‘ is a term that gets thrown around a lot by psuedo-experts and there is so much written online about it, that it can get very confusing to determine what is legitimate and what is not. Pronation is a normal motion of the foot that occurs when the ankle rolls inwards and the arch collapses. This is normal. Its not something evil.
How Important is it?
‘Overpronation‘ is assumed to be when there is too much of it. There certainly is debate as to just how much is too much, as some people have large amounts and have no problems; other have small amounts and do have problems. It all comes down to individual differences and how much force is needed to stop the foot moving. The greater the force, regardless of the amounts of pronation, the more likely it is to be a problem. Some still like to debate if it is a problem or not. Some studies have shown that its not a problem and other studies have shown it is. If the data from all these studies are pooled, then the conclusion was that, yes, overpronation is a problem that was statistically significant, but it was only a small risk factor for problems. An associated finding of overpronation during a gait analysis is an abductory twist.
What can be done about it?
It is all going to depend on the cause. There are “fan boys” for there one size fits all approaches to overpronation, but they are so wrong and spread myths. The way to fix it will depend on the cause. If its due to muscle weakness, then exercises and barefoot will help; if its due to tight calf muscles, then stretching is the only option; if is due to a bony alignment, then orthotics are needed (there is no way barefoot and muscle strengthening can help here); and so on – it will all depend on the cause. Each cause will need to be evaluated to determine that cause.
Croydon Total Footcare are the leading Croydon Podiatrists and feel free to contact us about any issues that you might have about ‘overpronation’. We have a lot of experience in dealing with it and Craig is a well known authority on it (see his blogs).